This Council despite its good intentions did not manage to achieve much because behind it Julius II died before many of the intended reforms could be implemented. Melissa Snell is a historical researcher and writer specializing in the Middle Ages and the Renaissance. Julius negotiated a settlement with Venice in 1510 because he wanted to use them to control France. Julius was able to secure the services of Michelangelo, by paying him (or threatening him) into working in Rome. Raphael beat both Leonardo and Michelangelo to secure a commission from Pope Julius II to create frescoes at the Vatican. [1] When his uncle died, he helped to arrange for an ally to be elected Pope. He stabilized the Papal States and held the French Empire at bay. He proved to be an able administrator and helped to reform the government of the Papal States. Giuliano showed no true interest in spiritual matters, but he enjoyed considerable income from three Italian bishoprics, six French bishoprics, and many abbeys and benefices bestowed on him by his uncle. Despite all his efforts at reforming the Church, his untimely death stalled his reform efforts. How did the Bubonic Plague make the Italian Renaissance possible? Julius also developed strong relationships with some of the foremost artists of the day, including Bramante, Raphael, and Michelangelo, all of whom executed multiple works for the demanding pontiff. The French king’s army allowed Julius to recapture some key cities such as Bologna and Rimini from Venice. [10] Julius was concerned that France could become the dominant power in Italy and the Papacy could ultimately be reduced to a dependency of the French Empire. Nicholas V. What did Pope Nicholas do for Rome? Julius also had some notable failures. Despite all his efforts at reforming the Church, his untimely death stalled his reform efforts. La Fornarina. Pope Julius II appears to have been more interested in the status of the papacy than his own personal fame; nevertheless, his name will be forever linked with some of the most remarkable artistic works of the 16th century. That same year he created the Holy League which was composed of the Swiss Cantons, Spain, several Italian City-States and Venice. It is possible that if he had lived longer he could have prolonged the Renaissance, which was ended by the Hapsburg domination of Italy. Now Julius sought to drive the French from Italy, but in this he was less successful. While the Holy League under Julius served as a counterweight to the French, they failed to expel them from Italy. In 1494 the French invaded Italy and occupied the Kingdom of Naples. In the fall of 1508, Julius conquered Bologna and Perugia; then, in the spring of 1509, he joined the League of Cambrai, an alliance among Louis XII of France, Emperor Maximilian I, and Ferdinand II of Spain against the Venetians. Pope Julius II was also known as Giuliano della Rovere. [11] Later that year, Julius personally led an attack on the French held town of Mirandola, which he captured. His decision to rebuild St Peter's led to the construction of the present basilica. Furthermore, the Venetians had encouraged vassals of the Pope to revolt in the Papal States and occupied several cities in the Papal States. Giuliano finally returned to Rome when Alexander VI died in 1502. At the time, Italy was in turmoil and had just entered a new and bloody phase in its history. This page was last edited on 8 June 2019, at 21:41. Pope Julius II and Pope Leo X. Like every other Pope, Julius II was determined to maintain his independence and control over the Papal States. 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